All posts by bondy

Script Status Message queries!

If, like me, you spend more than your fair share of time searching through status messages to figure out what broke in the deployment over the weekend, then you’ll know what an arduous process it can be putting the criteria into each query. If you have a good few machines to check then you literally spend half your time typing in machine names and times.

Well no more, because did you know it is perfectly possibly to script this? Status Message Viewer (statview.exe) is simply an executable and with the right parameters and the correct time format applied, you can simply call the status messages from as many machines as you see fit (although I’d recommend you limit this to no more than 15-20 at a time).

One observation when running this against multiple machines is that you’ll notice some of the status messages won’t always contain as much info as you expect – simply refresh the status message and all info will display as expected.

Finally, create a text file containing a list of the machines you wish to take status messages from and use the path as a parameter along with the date from which you wish to obtain the messages, in the format YYYY-MM-DD.

Please note this script assumes you have installed the ConfigMgr admin console on the machine on which you run the script, and in the default location. If you have installed it elsewhere please change statview.exe path accordingly.

Param(
 [string]$path,
 [string]$date
 )
If($date -eq "" -or $path -eq "") 
 { 
     Write-Host "File path and date must be supplied as a parameters.
     Example: 
     -path C:\Temp\Computers.txt
     -date 2021-04-09"
     exit
 } 
$command = "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Configuration Manager\AdminConsole\bin\i386\statview.exe"
$siteServer = "SCCMSiteSvr.contoso.com"
$startDate = Get-Date -Format "yyyyMMddHH:mmm.000" -Date $date
$Computers = Get-Content $path
foreach($compName in $Computers)
{
    $commandArgs = "/SMS:Server=\\$siteServer\ /SMS:SYSTEM=$compName /SMS:COMPONENT=Task Sequence Engine /SMS:COMPONENT=Task Sequence Action /SMS:SEVERITY=ERROR /SMS:SEVERITY=WARNING /SMS:SEVERITY=INFORMATION /SMSSTARTTIME=$startDate"
    & "$command" $commandArgs
} 

in-line script execution time-out…

Had this recently on a machine we were upgrading to Win 10 1909. Initially it looked as though there was an issue detecting the application being installed correctly but on closer inspection, the AppDiscovery log file revealed that the same timeout issue was happening on several applications. Googling about there were quite a few posts on how later versions on ConfigMgr now incorporated a client property to change the script timeout setting but this sadly appeared not to be the case. Other posts suggested a script that could be run at server level to fix this. Not really the short-term fix I needed to sort my issue as it would doubtless take weeks to get the change through at work.

Then I found what I needed – a client-side script which I have now lost the source to, so really sorry if this came from you. I’m happy to set the record straight and link as needed. In any case, I do have the script itself, see below. This wil set the timeout to 1200 seconds (from the 60s default). This fixed my issue. I would imagine this could be added to the start of a task sequence if required. Note it’s a VBScript…old skool.

On Error Resume Next
strQuery = "SELECT * FROM CCM_ConfigurationManagementClientConfig"
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & "." & "\ROOT\ccm\Policy\Machine\ActualConfig")
Set colItems = objWMIService.ExecQuery(strQuery, "WQL")
For Each objItem in colItems
objItem.ScriptExecutionTimeOut=1200
objItem.put_()
Next

Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & "." & "\ROOT\ccm\Policy\Machine\ActualConfig")
Set colItems = objWMIService.ExecQuery(strQuery, "WQL")
For Each objItem in colItems
If 1200 = objItem.ScriptExecutionTimeOut Then
WScript.Echo "True"
Else
WScript.Echo "False"
End if
Next 

Timed out waiting for CcmExex service to be fully operational

The mis-spelling above is intentional BTW, this is how it appears in the SMSTSLOG.log file. Typically a task sequence will be ticking along then something will happen after which the above error is displayed, almost always when it is trying to install either a ConfigMgr package or a ConfigMgr application (ie not a command-line). This is because the client isn’t actually required to execute, for example, a Powershell command line, but it must be initiated if a package or application is called on.

Ultimately, in my experience, this always comes down to one issue – an inability to reach the Management Point. There maybe various reasons for this and one such reason is described here.

However in my case this wasn’t the problem. Following a task sequence upgrade to 1909, I found all our laptops failing with this same error. These laptops were all on the internal network (ie not connected via VPN/DA, etc). If I logged on locally, I found that while I was able to ping machines, I was unable to reach shares from other machines on the network. Something was very wrong with networking (and obviously why the build was failing).

Running an IPCONFIG /all revealed that the broken laptops were all trying to use the IP/HTTPS Tunnel Adapter Interface. This synthetic interface is typically used for Direct Access which these laptops were certainly not using at the time. On further investigation, if I removed the group policies the laptops inherited for the duration of the upgrade I was then able to complete the upgrade without issue.

THE SOLUTION

The group policies are causing the tunnel adaptor to become active albeit briefly (haven’t got to the bottom of why this happens BTW). Unfortunately the adaptor isn’t able to communicate with the MP as it should. Then I read an article about a bug found in the 1909/2004 OS’s. You must ensure this patch (Oct 2020 update) is applied to the installation media prior to upgrade. Essentially, the certificates were disappearing causing the communication problem with the Tunnel adaptors on the laptop models. Once the patch was added, all was well.

Configmgr client application stuck at 0% downloading

I’ve been meaning to do a quick blog about this issue for some time now especially as I have witnessed this incredibly frustrating problem at two separate clients during roll-outs, particularly OS deployments that also require updated applications, etc. A Google search will reveal many different ‘fixes’ for this issue, most common of which tends to involve re-installing the ConfigMgr client. Indeed this is an approach I took first time round and usually seemed to work but it isn’t really a fix as such.

In the latest instalment, this approach just didn’t work at all so I needed to find what else was causing the issue. If I left the offending application to time out – this might take several hours btw – I could usually restart it and it would go ahead and download. However this was still unacceptable.

SOLUTION

Turns out the answer, with hindsight, was the same in both instances – too many policies. Essentially in both circumstances, the machines experiencing the issue had a lot of applications and/or task sequences deployed to them. Task sequences in particular usually have many steps and this seems to flood the client causing it to display this ‘stuck at 0%’ behaviour. Try removing the machine from all unnecessary collections, leave for an hour or so for the machine to expunge any of the old deployments and try again.

This still feels like a Microsoft issue to me but until it’s addressed this is the workaround.

OneDrive needs your attention. Onedrive can’t sync now please try again later.

I recently had this while uploading thousands of photographs to my ODfB account. Essentially, you’ll set it syncing (perhaps overnight) and then come to it in the morning and you’re presented with the error message, “OneDrive can’t sync now, please try again later”.

I tried resetting the app (onedrive.exe /reset), re-starting, reinstalling, nothing worked. Turns out, there is a limit to how much data you can upload per day.

The Solution

The setting you want lives in the ClientPolicy.ini :

For ‘standard’ (personal) OneDrive, go to: C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\Microsoft\OneDrive\settings\Personal\ClientPolicy.ini.

For OneDrive For Business (ODfB) OneDrive, go to: C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\Microsoft\OneDrive\settings\Business1\ClientPolicy.ini.

Please note, depending on your OneDrive setup and number of accounts, the Personal/Business folder name may change.

Open the ini file in notepad and change MaxClientMBTransferredPerDay from its current value to something higher. I found that I needed to change this value to 50000000 in my case. It appears that simply setting it to ‘0’ doesn’t work for infinite, either.

One other observation: occasionally, I noticed OneDrive would appear to change this value back to what it was and fail again. Just repeat the procedure above and it will carry on.

Hope this helps.

Unable to license Office 365 ProPlus

I don’t know quite how widespread this issue is but it’s something I have had some trouble with on and off since I updated my OS to Server 2019 last year. That said, I’m not saying this is an issue limited to this OS; indeed I have seen it on other OS’s too.

The issue is this : Word will ask you to sign in and after entering your email address, it will freeze for 5 minutes before returning you to the (unlicensed) state you were previously in. Similar with Outlook – you enter your email address and the white password box appears but appear blank and freezes for 5 mins before returning you to the previous (unlicensed) state.

There are a number of things that you might try (including full uninstall/reinstall in desperate cases) but I’ll show you a couple of things you should try before doing this (or calling Microsoft, as they will ask you to do this too, more likely than not).

First – Remove previous license information

  1. Open C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office16
  2. From a cmd prompt, type cscript .\OSPP.VBS /dstatus
  3. This will give you a list of previous license keys used. Remove all these using cscript ospp.vbs /unpkey:<5 digit code>

Second – (if the above doesn’t work) Disable Modern Authentication.

Open up regedit and navigate to the following key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Office\16.0\Common\Identity

Add a new DWORD value called EnableADAL with a value of 0.

Open up Outlook and it should now present you with a password window you can actually use. Word/Excel etc should open up as expected.

For a little more info on Modern Authentication in Office 365 see here.

Phased deployments not deploying

AKA…

Exception: System.ArgumentNullException: Value cannot be null.
Parameter name: objectID
at Microsoft.ConfigurationManager.PhasedDeployment.Application.Deploy(IDatabaseOperation databaseOperation, List`1 phases, String phasedDeploymentID, String objectID)
at Microsoft.ConfigurationManager.PhasedDeployment.PODRuleEngine.EvaluatePhasedDeployments(SqlConnection connection)

I was testing a phased deployment the other day and couldn’t get it to work for the life of me. Although the phased deployment appeared under the Phased Deployments tab for the Office 365 application I was targeting, a corresponding deployment didn’t appear for the phase 1 collection under the Deployments tab.

I took a look at the SMS_PhasedDeployments.log on the site server and all I could see was the error message above. I would also see it repeat about every 2 minutes as below.

It kept mentioning there were two phased deployments it was trying to evaluate, but there were no other phased deployments set. There is a well-known bug when a task sequence can get locked and the admin will typically go into the db and remove the offending ID locking the task sequence from the database. Well it turns out this is a similar issue with an equally similar solution.

SOLUTION:

  1. Go into the ConfigMgr (sorry, Endpoint Manager!) DB and find dbo.PhasedDeployment, right-click the table and click Select Top 1000 rows.
  2. Identify the offending Phased Deployment from the list and copy the PhasedDeploymentID.
  3. Click New Query from the toolbar and type:

DELETE FROM dbo.PhasedDeployment WHERE PhasedDeploymentID='<PhasedDeploymentID>'

I would be inclined to delete and recreate your original phased deployment (from the console!) to be sure of a clean deployment but technically you be good from here on.

Office 365 – add extra mailboxes (for free)

I recently decided to completely overhaul my email and passwords to all major sites after getting tired of the relentless spam I received to the account I have had for the past 20 years or so. Additionally my email and (admittedly very old) passwords showed up on Have I Been Pwned? so I thought it was time for a clean break. This is no small undertaking as you can probably imagine but the first step is to sort out your email account. Most importantly though, you still need to be able to receive email to your old address and in some cases, still be able to send from the old account.

Of course you can just add your old address as a secondary email account so you still receive email to that address but I wanted to use the old account as a filter to the hundreds of sites who insist on sending me crap every day which I don’t especially want to read.

Anyway, in my case, I want to create a new email address (mailbox) as a primary address and have a secondary mailbox for my old email address plus another for my business email address. I also wanted to be able to send from these accounts as though they were my primary email if I wanted to. Please note, by secondary mailbox, I am in effect talking about a shared mailbox for which you will have exclusive access to receive and send mail. A secondary mailbox requires no further licence.

The setup

  1. IMPORTANT: Backup your current inbox to a PST file. You can do this by selecting File | Options | Advanced | Export button | Export to a file | Next | Outlook Data File (pst). Ensure you select the correct Inbox from here and click Next. Enter a path for the PST file and click Finish.
  2. In the Microsoft 365 admin center go to Settings > Domain. Ensure the new domain you need is in a healthy state. If not, click on the domain and follow the instructions to make sure it is healthy before proceeding further.
  3. Open up the Exchange admin center and go to dashboard | recipients | shared. Click the ‘+ ‘ sign as below
  1. This will open up the New shared mailbox dialogue. Add your name and your NEW email here. Click the + sign at the bottom and add yourself as a user with permission on the mailbox
  2. Go to dashboard | recipients | mailboxes and select Convert to shared mailbox on the right hand pane.
  3. Click on the shared heading at the top to return to the list of shared mailboxes. Select your NEW mailbox and select Convert to regular mailbox on the right pane.
  4. Open the shared mailbox(es) dialogue by double-clicking on it/them. Click email address. Ensure your new email address doesn’t appear in the list here. The mail address under SMTP is your default address for that mailbox.
  5. Click mailboxes in the toolbar at the top and ensure your new email address is listed there. Sometimes there is a short wait for the mailbox to appear.
  6. Ensure Outlook is closed. Open the mail applet in Control Panel and add your new email address here. After it has resolved and appears in the applet, click Set as Default. I found that I had to actually remove the old email account and re-add it but you may have a different experience here.
  7. Open Outlook and you should see your new account. Click File | Add Account and add your (now secondary) mailboxes to Outlook. Assuming you have given these appropriate permissions in Exchange admin center, you should now be able to add the address of this/these extra shared mailbox(es) in the From field of Outlook and send as that account if you wish. You new account should now default. To be sure you can go back to Microsoft 365 admin center | Settings | Domains and ensure your preferred new email account is set as default there if it isn’t already.

Something went wrong, OOBE

Just a really short post on an issue I saw a little while back which I’ve been meaning to get round to documenting.

Whilst working on VM optimization project, I booted up one of my VMs for testing and received the above message during the OOBE stage. The reason for this is because I disabled one of the scheduled tasks which I thought looked fairly innocuous, CloudExperienceHost. Turns out this is important to leave enabled, even if you don’t want your VMs connecting to the cloud as the Out of Box Experience uses it. Specifically, the task can be found under:

Microsoft\Windows\CloudExperienceHost\CreateObjectTask

Resolution : Enable task

I appreciate there are probably other reasons for this error message but this was what the issue was for me.

Add SSL Certificates For SCCM

Arguably there are newer and more fancy ways to do this in recent iterations of SCCM. If you wish to set up a standard internet facing SCCM environment or just an SSL secured environment this is the old skool way.

CREATE SCCM CERTIFICATES

  1. Open CA | Right-Click Cert Templates > Manage
  2. Right-Click Web Server template > Duplicate template
  3. Open new duplicate template :
    a Request Handling tab: Check ‘Allow private key to be exported’
    b General tab : Change name to “ConfigMgr IIS Cert”, validity 5 years
    c Subject name : default (‘supply in the request’ should be checked)
    d Security tab : remove the ‘Enroll’ permission from Domain Admins and Enterprise Admins, add your SCCM_Site_Servers group and add Enroll and read permission to this group | Click OK
  4. Open CA | Right-Click Cert Templates > Manage
  5. Right-Click Workstation Authentication template > Duplicate template
  6. Open new duplicate template :
    a Compatibility tab: keep defaults (ensure Windows Server 2003)
    b General tab : Change name to “ConfigMgr DP Cert”, validity 5 years
    c Security tab : Add your SCCM_Site_Servers group and add Enroll and read permission to this group | Click OK. Remove ‘Enroll’ for Enterprise Admins. On Request Handling tab, select Allow private key to be exported
  7. Right-Click Workstation Authentication template > Duplicate template
  8. Open new duplicate template :
    a Compatibility tab: keep defaults (ensure Windows Server 2003)
    b General tab : Change name to “ConfigMgr Client Cert”, validity 5 years
    c Security tab : Click ‘Domain Computers’ group and add AutoEnroll and read permission to this group (don’t uncheck ‘enroll’) | Click OK
  9. Open CA | Right-Click Cert Templates > New > Certificate Template to issue
  10. Select the three new certs from the ‘Enable Certificate Templates’ box. | Click OK
  11. Open the GPMC, open default domain policy (or wherever you have your PKI policy)
    a Windows Settings > Security Settings > Public Key Policies > Trusted Root Certification Authorities
    b Open up ‘Certificate Services Client – Auto-Enrollment’. Change ‘Configuration Model’ to ‘Enabled’
    c Check ‘Renew expired certs…’ and ‘Update certificates that use cert templates’

ADD CERTS TO SCCM

  1. On the DP open the certificate MMC > Computer > Personal > Certificates | Right-click folder > All Tasks > Request New Certificate
  2. Next > Next | On ‘Request Certificates’ page check ‘ConfigMgr DP Cert’ and click ENROLL > Finish
  3. While still in the certs MMC, Right-click the DP cert you have just imported > All Tasks > Export > Next. Select Yes, export private key
  4. Keep defaults on Personal Information Exchange – PKCS #12 (.PFX) and click next.
  5. Enter a password > Next > Save the file as C:\Temp\SCCM_DP_Cert. Click finish
  6. On the MP open the certificate MMC > Computer > Personal > Certificates | Right-click folder > All Tasks > Request New Certificate
  7. Next > Next | On ‘Request Certificates’ page check ‘ConfigMgr IIS Cert’ and click ‘moe information is needed…’ link
  8. Under Subject Name, select ‘Common Name’ and add the name of the server, eg SCCMMP01 > Add
    9.Under Alternative Name, select DNS and add the FQDN of the server > Add
  9. Under the GENERAL tab, add the name of the server as the friendly name
  10. Under the Cert Authority tab, select your CA if it’s not already selected. Select Enroll > Finish.
  11. On the MP (internet facing if there is one) open IIS > Default Web Site > Bindings… | Edit HTTPS
  12. Select the new SSL certificate. If you don’t see HTTPS, click add and create it.
  13. Repeat the above on any other MPs
  14. From the SCCM console go to Admin\Overview\Site Configuration\Sites | Properties > Client Computer Communication. Add the Root CA Certificate you created earlier.
  15. FINALLY!!!! Go to Admin\Overview\Distribution Points | Properties and add the certificate and password you created on the DP in point #5. Rinse and repeat for all your DPs.
    Just select YES if you get a message about it being a copy of one used on another DP.
  16. To add certs for the SUP/WSUS see https://www.petervanderwoude.nl/post/how-to-configure-a-software-update-point-to-use-ssl-for-communicating-with-wsus/